Trump – a climate denier who claimed climate change was a “scam” committed by China – announced in June 2017 his intention to withdraw the United States from the Paris Agreement. But despite the rose garden president`s statement that “we`re going out,” it`s not that simple. The withdrawal process requires the agreement to be in force for three years before a country can formally announce its intention to withdraw. It will be a year before leaving the pact. This means that the United States would not be able to officially withdraw until November 4, 2020, the day after the presidential elections. Even a formal withdrawal would not necessarily be permanent, experts say; A future president could return in just one month. The Paris Agreement is a pioneering environmental agreement adopted by almost all nations in 2015 to combat climate change and its negative effects. The agreement aims to significantly reduce global greenhouse gas emissions in order to limit the increase in global temperature to 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels this century, while pursuing ways to limit the increase to 1.5 degrees. The agreement includes a commitment by all major emitting countries to reduce their climate pollution and strengthen these commitments over time.
The compact provides a way for developed countries to assist developing countries in their efforts to combat climate change and adapt and provides a framework for transparency in monitoring, reporting and strengthening countries` individual and collective climate objectives. Recognizing that many developing countries and small island states that have contributed the least to climate change are most likely to suffer the consequences, the Paris Agreement contains a plan for developed countries – and others that “are able to do so” – to continue to provide financial resources to help developing countries mitigate and increase their resilience to climate change. The agreement builds on the financial commitments of the 2009 Copenhagen Accord, which aimed to scale public and private climate finance for developing countries to $100 billion a year by 2020. (To put that in perspective, global military spending amounted to about $1.7 trillion in 2017 alone, more than a third of which came from the United States.) The Copenhagen Pact also created the Green Climate Fund to mobilize transformative financial funds with targeted public dollars. The Paris Agreement expected the world to set a higher annual target by 2025 to build on the $100 billion target for 2020 and put in place mechanisms to achieve that scale. Negotiators for the agreement said the INDCs presented at the time of the Paris conference were insufficient and noted “with concern that estimates of aggregate greenhouse gas emissions in 2025 and 2030, resulting from projected national contributions, did not fall under the least expensive 2°C scenarios, but would end at a projected level of 55 gigatonnes in 2030.” and recognizing that “much greater efforts will be needed to reduce emissions in order to keep the global average temperature rise to less than 2°C by reducing emissions to 40 gigatons or 1.5°C”.  [Clarification needed] Under the Paris Agreement, each country must define, plan and report regularly on its contribution to the fight against global warming.  No mechanism obliges a country to set a specific emissions target before a given date, but each target should go beyond the targets set previously. The United States formally withdrew from the deal the day after the 2020 presidential election, although President-elect Joe Biden said America would join the deal after his inauguration.  An unconditional 20% reduction in emissions by 2030 compared to business as usual. A 30% discount is offered on the condition of international funding….